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Gardening in the Rainy Zone.
JOHNNY-JUMP-UP, HEARTS EASE, LOVE-IN-IDLENESS
Pronounced: VIE-o-la TRI-ki-lor
Sunset zones: All.
USDA zones: 4-8.
Height: 3-5 inches (8-13 cm).
Width: 4-6 inches (10-15 cm).
Spring to autumn.
Shades of many colors, but mostly purples, yellows to blues, and yellows.
Evergreen, heart-shaped, toothed leaves.
Evergreen clumper, sometimes with spreading stems.
Full sun to partial shade.
Fertile, humus rich soil.
Side dress with compost in spring.
Sow seed in situ spring, late summer or early autumn, 1/8" deep.
Cut plant back halfway after first flush of flowers to keep plant from becoming lanky.
Rainy Side Notes
Johnny-jump-ups do just as their common name insists. I grew them in my former garden and they piggybacked in with other plants to the new garden. They tend to fill a void between the spring flower show and the summer flowers in May and June. Although I never planted them in my present garden, I have plenty and I do not mind.
They will seed themselves around the garden, but I do not find them a problem to pull out if I don't want them. When they get lanky, I pull and toss them into the compost heap. You can prune the plants back by half to encourage more bushiness and flowers. Enough seeds fall off the plant for next year, before they get too lanky, if you decide to pull them out.
Although these violas are perennial, they are often treated as annuals and biennials.
Photographed in author's garden.
Perennials indexed by botanical names. Click on corresponding letter below.